Where do you live and what’s the climate of your country? Do you live in a country with a pleasant or moderate climate? And what climate do you prefer? Rainy or sunny? Well, these questions might give you an idea about this article. Yes! This article will be exploring all about climate like its definition, what is the climate meaning in English and much more. But, firstly let’s start with a brief introduction to this term.
What Is Climate?
Well, the term climate is general weather or the prevailing weather condition of an area over a long period. It includes rainfall, temperature, wind-belts, etc. The word climate means the weather patterns of a region.
Every region has a different climate depending on the environment or latitude. But it is mostly affected by the latitude, movement of wind, the direction of the moon, temperature, etc. Moreover, we can determine the climate of a region by humidity, winds, and the presence of ocean currents.
Climate is also influenced by human activities like pollution, deforestation, and by the depletion of the ozone layer. Climate plays a very important role in our world. We can determine the living conditions of a country in respect of its climate. Every region has a particular climate depending upon the factors.
Generally, the climate can be tropical, dry, temperate, polar, continental, humid, etc. The average temperature and environmental conditions change the climate. Moreover, all the meteorological factors like the amount of humidity in the atmosphere, precipitation, sunshine; air pressure, etc. Affect the climate.
What Is the Climate Meaning in English?
The definition of climate is the average weather in a specific area or region. The grammatical meaning of climate is distinct patterns of weather. It is the long-term summation of atmospheric changes in any particular place.
Furthermore, the simplest way to elaborate on climate is to look at the average weather conditions and precipitation over time. You can use climate to refer to the general atmosphere or condition anywhere. Climate leaves an impact on nearly every aspect of life. Climatology is the branch of science that studies climate or climatic conditions.
Examples of climate
We can expect snowfall in the northeast in January or for it to be hot and humid in the Southeast in July. Hence, this indicates climate.
If we talk about the word climate, it is originated from Late Middle English, Old French climat or late Latin clima, climat-, from Greek klima ‘slope, zone’, from klinein ‘to slope’. The term originally refers to a zone of the earth between two lines of latitude.
What are climate normals?
WMO organization states that climate normals are the reference points used for comparing the current climatological patterns to the past or typical patterns.
The Difference Between Weather and Climate
The terms weather and climate are often intermingled. The main difference between weather and climate is that weather keeps changing gradually in a short time while climate remains the same for a long period.
It can be clear up by the phrase “climate is what we expect, and the weather is what we get”. Weather can change from time to time, day-to-day, season-to-season. On the other hand, the climate is the average weather that lasts for years in an area or region.
A weather change refers to short-term changes, whereas climate changes are long-term changes. Climate is measured based on weather statistical. Approximately, over 30 years is required to measure climate. While weather forecasts are created based on meteorological data collected regarding the atmosphere. Change in weather after a long time is a sort of climate change.
Causes And Effects of Climate Change on Earth
The definition of climate change is a change in global or regional climate patterns. Climate change is affecting our earth in many serious ways. This is happening due to many internal and external reasons. Climate change is affecting our ecosystem and also life on earth in many ways. The temperature of the earth is rising due to climate.
Some common effects of climate on earth are rising temperature, rising sea level, unpredictable weather patterns, loss of fertility of the land (soil erosion), land degradation, and loss of biodiversity and wildlife. Climate changes are causing the depletion of the ozone layer. The causes of climate change are human activities.
Deforestation, rapid industrialization, transport, loss of soil fertility due to acid rain, burning of fossil fuels which may lead to the greenhouse effect, pollution, and agricultural practices are some of the Human-Caused climate changes. Global warming is one of the larger problems of Human-Caused climate change.
When abrupt climate change occurs, it can result in a dramatic temperature rise. As temperature increases, glaciers melt and cause the sea level to rise also. This may result in floods. As climate change worsens, dangerous weather events are becoming more frequent. Due to climatic changes animals are losing their habitat and it is threatening marine life as well.
Moreover, plants grow best in their required climate. But this climate change is affecting the growth of plants in many ways. The rising temperature is causing the declining growth of plants. For example, if a plant needs a cold climate to grow, and due to climate change, it does not get that temperature. It will result in poor and declined growth of plants.
Climate change retreat
To save our planet, we need to make some retreats for climatic change. These include:
- Sustainable transportation
- Prevention of air pollution
- Waste management and recycling
- Ocean and sea preservation
- Controlled agriculture
Various Types of Climates in Different Regions
- Arid and hot climate: desserts have a hot and arid climate. Asian countries have hot climates as well. Climate is hotter here because of the sun rays facing directly to these regions.
- Cold climate: In the eastern countries, the climate is cooler. It is cooler because the sun rays and heat are least direct to these regions. Iceland has a very cold climate.Checkout our latest post about 20 Bizarre Facts About Iceland!
- Temperate climate: areas with mild to a warmer climate in summers and cold-to-cold in winters. It lies between the arctic and Polar Regions and the tropics. Therefore, these regions may have snowfall in winters.
- Tropical climate: around the equatorial regions, we have tropical climates which are hot and humid. These regions have bears high temperature and humidity levels.
- Continental climate: the regions having warm to cold summers and very cold winters exhibits continental climate. In winters, these regions can experience snowfall and very cold temperatures. It includes countries like Western Europe and its surrounding.
- Polar climate: these regions are covered with snow and have glaciers. They have very cold summers and winters. Some countries with very cold freezing climates are arctic regions, Canada, Norway, Finland, etc.
- Mediterranean climate: the regions where the Mediterranean climate exists are determined by warm, wet winters and calm, hot summers.
Nevertheless, the conclusion is that the climate plays a very important role in our world. It affects our natural ecosystem and the life of the living species on earth. Every region has a specific climate and we can determine the living conditions of the region by its climate. But in the current era, consequently, the climate is changing dramatically.
This change is alarming us because the change is due to both human activities and natural activities. Mostly it is happening due to human-Caused climate changes. There are some retreats that we can do to save our world from these drastic climate changes. Moreover, climate also has many types. Overall, we got to know that normal living on earth is due to a stable climate.