Recent researches are increasingly diversified to prove that English is actually a Scandinavian language. This would mean that the English language belongs to the Northern Germanic language group along with Danish, Swedish, Norwegian, Icelandic and Faroese.
This theory has refuted previous belief that English comes directly from the Old English or Anglo-Saxon language that belongs to the West German language group and introduced the Anglos and Saxons when they settled the British Isles in the 5th century.
English language comes from Scandinavian languages?
In support of this claim, are the great similarity of words and grammar between the English and Norwegian languages.
Is Old English Extinct?
According to Faarlund, modern English is a direct descendant of Scandinavians who settled British Isles centuries ago, before the French-speaking Normans conquered the country in 1066. According to him, the current relationship between modern English and Old English is incorrect because these two are completely different languages. The Old English language is considered to have become an extinct language over time under various influences, which contrasts with the Scandinavian languages, which have survived all of these influences.
The fact is that the British and the Scandinavians were enemies between themselves and fought for political hegemony. The descendants of Vikings took control of the eastern and northern parts of the country. Even Danelaw, was a half century under the control of the Scandinavians. As practiced by all the colonists, Scandinavians did not feel the need to take the language of the country that came, but it retained its own language.
In the period when the Normans arrived, the language experienced a major transformation. By joining certain groups of people, Old English was paired with the Scandinavian language. As a result of this, they adopted many words in Old English that were Norwegian and Danish in origin.
All the lexical words in the sentences were Scandinavian.
Faarlund explains that usually one language borrows only new things from another language, which is not the case with English. In this case, from day to day, the practice has been to adopt a larger number of words. Studies show that 90% of Scandinavian words are in the concept of a dictionary of Old English.
Old English took over the Scandinavian Grammar
Upon transfer to another language, the words usually retain the original grammar, which is not the case with Scandinavian which has undertaken words in Old English. Although this rule is almost a universal law in grammar, grammatical words and morphemes were also adopted from Scandinavian. As such it has survived to this day.
What about the Scandinavian Syntax?
Faarlund and his colleague Josef Emmonds, a visiting professor at the University of Palacký in the Czech Republic, prove that the structure of the sentence from the Old English, and thus the modern English language, is the same as the Norse. This dismisses the notion that English is actually a Western Germanic language.
It is unusual to borrow words, to adopt syntax and sentence structure of some language in the same time. Although the Norwegian language has many English words, but it still retains its own syntax and sentence structure. In the case of the English language, its syntax is quite different from the syntax of other Western Germanic languages such as German, Dutch and Frisian and is identical to the syntax of the Scandinavian languages.